IEC 60704-1:2021 pdf download – Household and similar electrical appliances – Test code for the determination of airborne acoustical noise – Part 1: General requirements

03-05-2022 comment

IEC 60704-1:2021 pdf download – Household and similar electrical appliances – Test code for the determination of airborne acoustical noise – Part 1: General requirements.
4 Measurement methods and acoustical environments General 4.1 This document is concerned with objective methods of engineering accuracy grade 2 in accordance with ISO 12001:1996 for determining sound power levels L W , expressed in decibels (dB), with reference to a sound power of one picowatt (1 pW), of airborne acoustical noise within the specified frequency range of interest (generally including the octave-bands with centre frequencies from 125 Hz to 8 000 Hz), and for prescribed operating conditions of the appliance to be measured. Methods for determining sound power levels with precision accuracy grade 1 in accordance with ISO 12001:1996, as specified for example in ISO 3741 and ISO 3745, are not included in this document. They may, however, be applied if the appropriate test environment and instrumentation are available. NOTE 1 The noise values obtained under the described conditions of this document will not necessarily correspond to the noise experienced under the operational conditions of practical use. NOTE 2 For quality control during production etc., simplified methods can be appropriate. For noise reduction purposes, other measurement methods employing, for example, narrow-band analysis or intensity techniques usually have to be applied. These methods are not covered by this document. The total noise emitted by machinery or equipment and radiated in all directions to the space surrounding the machine can be characterized by the sound power of the machine. Within the accuracy range of this document, the sound power of a machine is basically independent of the environment in which the machine is installed
If for a measurement in a free field, reverberation or special reverberation room is not possible because the appliance cannot be placed or operated in such an environment, the intensity method in accordance with ISO 9614-1:1993, ISO 9614-2:1996, and ISO 9614- 3:2002 shall be applied. For the intensity method, the standard deviations given in the parts of the IEC 60704-2 series and IEC 60704-3:2019 are not applicable unless stated explicitly. These methods yield results expressed in A-weighted sound power levels (and in octave- or 1/3 octave-band sound power levels, if required) that are calculated directly from measured sound pressure levels. NOTE This method can also be used in conjunction with more precise methods, such as those given in ISO 3741 and ISO 3745. 4.3 Comparison method The comparison method for measurement is explicitly described in ISO 3743-1:2010 and in ISO 3743-2:2018. NOTE The term “comparison method” is not explicitly given in ISO 3744:2010, but when applying the “absolute comparison test” for the determination of the environmental correction given in A.3 of ISO 3744:2010, by using a reference sound source, the procedure is, in fact, a comparison method. With this method, the sound power level is determined by comparing the averaged values (on a mean-square basis) of the sound pressure levels produced by the source in the test room to the averaged values of the sound pressure levels produced in the same room by a calibrated reference sound source (RSS) of known sound power output, complying with the requirements of ISO 6926:2016. The difference in sound pressure levels is equal to the difference in sound power levels when conditions are the same for both sets of measurements.
4.4.2 Criterion for background noise level Requirements for the background noise level are given in 4.5 of ISO 3743-1:2010, in 6.5 of ISO 3743-2:2018 and in 4.2 of ISO 3744:2010. Averaged over the microphone positions, the background noise level shall be at least 6 dB below, and preferably more than 15 dB below, the sound pressure level to be measured. NOTE If the difference between the sound pressure levels of the background noise and the appliance noise is less than 6 dB, see 8.2. 4.4.3 Environmental conditions Environmental conditions having an adverse effect on the microphone used for the measurements (for example, strong electric or magnetic fields, wind, impingement of air discharge from the equipment being tested, high or low temperatures) shall be avoided by proper selection or positioning of the microphone. The instructions of the manufacturers of the measurement instruments regarding adverse environmental conditions shall be followed. The microphone shall always be oriented in such a way that the angle of incidence of the sound waves is that for which the microphone is calibrated.

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